Frequently Asked Questions

Killing Your Microbes?

Can I mix SuperDFM®-HoneyBee™ in a pollen patty?


No, we do not recommend mixing SuperDFM® in any prepared food for honeybees, as moisture will lower the efficacy of lactic acid bacteria in the product.




Can I mix SuperDFM® with syrups or liquids?


No. Moisture activates DFMs. Once activated, they require an anaerobic environment (without oxygen) with the proper light, temperature, and food sources to prevent them from perishing.




Is SuperDFM® sensitive to extreme heat?


Yes. If you happen to leave your bag of DFMs in your vehicle on a hot day, they would likely die in temperatures above 130°F. They will not all die at once. A higher percentage of them will be likely to die as they are exposed longer and at higher temperatures.




Will antibiotics kill the microbes in SuperDFM®?


Yes, they will. Do not apply DFMs at the same time as feeding antibiotics or other antimicrobial products as these products are designed to kill microbes.





Applying SuperDFM®

Can SuperDFM® be applied too frequently?


SuperDFM®-HoneyBee™ is safe to use and there are no adverse effects if you use more than recommended application. SuperDFM® contains powdered sucrose or sugar, but it is not a substitute for bee feed.




Should a nucleus colony get less than the recommended application?


No, SuperDFM® application size does not change whether the bee colony is small or large. If the colony is rapidly growing or you are splitting the colony, feed SuperDFM® more frequently (ex. 2-3 weeks apart).




How can I apply SuperDFM® to many hives quickly?


Our compressed air MicroCloud™ Applicator allows for easy SuperDFM® injection without opening the hive! Simply add SuperDFM® to the MicroCould™ scoop and insert it into the hive entrance. Press the applicator firmly against the front board and give the trigger a short squeeze. Then you're done! Your hive will be efficiently inoculated.




What pressure should the air compressor be set at for the MicroCloud™?


Using a portable air-tank such as this one makes using the MicroCloud™ fast and easy! SuperDFM® can be distributed effectively with a one-second blast of air at 50-150 psi pressure. An 11-gallon tank provides hundreds of one-second air blasts.





Pathogens & Pests

Is SuperDFM® used for nosema/bee dysentery?


Yes, SuperDFM®-Honeybee™ is recommended for mitigating nosema. Many of our customers successfully control Nosema spores below an economic threshold of 1 million spores per bee and prevent nosemosis outbreaks, with an application of SuperDFM®-Honeybee™ every 30 days.




What’s the best practices to keep small hive beetle under control?


  1. Avoid using screened bottom boards. When bees are trying to chase them out, beetles will hide on the underside of the screen then re-enter the hive when the bee has moved on.
  2. Clean hive walls of excess wax and bridge comb as beetles use these places to hide. Push frames away from the walls to clear the wax.
  3. Pollen patties also provide shelter and food for small hive beetles. Cut pollen patties into half-dollar size pieces to ensure they are consumed quickly.
  4. Place a Swiffer towel on the top bars and in the back corners of the hive. The beetles’ legs will get caught in the fibers as bees are chasing them. Check, remove, and replace these towels often.
  5. Use beetle jails, modified special hive guard entrances.
  6. Keep your hives queenright! Queenless hives have a scent that attracts beetles.
  7. Keep your hives strong. Combine weak hives. A weak hive will have less ability to guard against small hive beetles.





General

Why should we give probiotics to bees? Are microbes natural?


SuperDFM®-HoneyBee™ ingredients are naturally occurring microbes, produced using fermentation of natural ingredients. In nature, honeybees naturally acquire billions of microbes in their gut and ingest naturally occurring microbes in resources they collect (water, nectar, and pollen). Microbes ferment and preserve bee bread and help digest proteins and carbohydrates in the honeybee gut. Additional microbes acquired through probiotic supplementation support healthy balance in the gut and provide nutritional benefits.




Can I freeze SuperDFM® over the winter to use next year?


Yes, freezing SuperDFM® will preserve it very well. Make sure to seal the bag firmly before freezing.





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